Figurative Language: A month of lessons

Cloud 3

I always save my favorite lesson for the end of the year…Figurative Language. I love teaching students the details about using this colorful language when they speak and when they write. With the busy lifestyle we all lead I find that many of the terms that were used throughout my childhood are fading away as a more direct route and meaning are used with children. I still feel that figurative language has a valuable place in our modern speech.
I am sharing with you today my plans for the next four weeks of therapy lessons. I always plan for more than I need. Some of my sessions are an hour long inclusion classes where I collaborate with the special education and the general education teachers. The majority are 30 minute sessions once a week so I have to eliminate some in class practice and assign these task for homework. I have gathered these resources from many websites, books, and TPT stores. Click the links provided for most of the activities.
WEEK 1 Introduction to Figurative Language
• My introduction lesson is part of this product from Fancy Free in 4th, Figurative Language is a Hoot. I use the foldable, signs, and Figurative Language hunt. I use the review cards later in a lesson as well.
• This lesson begins with the students gluing the foldable from Figurative Language is a Hoot into their language notebooks. This foldable contains the names and definitions of the most commonly used figures of speech. As we review each term I have the students write a few examples on the inside of the flap for reference later.
• As we are discussing examples of figurative language I talk about the importance of figures of speech in songs, TV, and movies. Next I show this video clip of examples in songs and clips. The students practice calling out the terms for each answer. I pause the video after each example.

• The color coded Figurative Language Hunt is great for providing more examples of common figures of speech. It is also from the Figurative Language is a Hoot product on TPT. We practice the first few rows together and I have the students complete the rest. It gives me a baseline to compare with later evaluations of the lessons.

Week 2: Similes/Metaphors
• Some materials are needed for this week’s lesson. The materials needed for each student are: small scrapes of paper, small piece of fabric ribbon, a penny, a paperclip, and a cotton ball. After passing out each item to the students have them adhere them to the “I Sense a Simile” page from Out of This World Simile by The Peanut Gallery on TPT. This is a FREE resource that includes many excellent activity sheets.
• After discussing and writing two similes on the back of the page for each item, the students move onto practicing Metaphors by completing the Metaphor Hunt sheet. This page helps them identify metaphors within text. The next sheet is called Metaphors Compare Things. The purpose of this page is to help students understand what is being compared in the metaphor.

Week 3: Personification/Hyperbole/Onomatopoeia/Alliteration
• The activities this week will have the students divided into 3 groups. One will complete the Task Cards from Figurative Language is a Hoot in the classroom while playing a board game while another completes Busy as a Bee Task Cards in the hallway, and a third works on a set of worksheets to practice onomatopoeia, alliterations, and personifications.


• In preparation for the lesson I tape the Busy as a Bee Task Cards by Free to Teach on TPT to the wall along a hallway. I modified the answer key for some students so they only had a choice of 2 answers instead of four.
• Here are the links for the worksheets I use for the students to work on independently or as homework.
o Onomatopoeia: Noisy Words
o Animal Alliterations
o Personification Worksheet

Week 4: Idioms

symphony on slang
• I start our lesson on Idioms with a short cartoon that provides great literal meaning to many idioms. The full version is available through Vimeo, Symphony of Slang.

• After the students watch the video I give them a quiz using the FREE program and app called Plickers. I will be posting more details about this awesome data collection app soon. Subscribe to my website or follow me on social media so you will get a notification once that post is up.
• Next the students select idioms from the video and draw literal and figurative pictures for the one they selected. These are displayed in the hallway.

Additional Resources:

Leave a Reply